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Wednesday, 12 May 2010


With the many theories based on depression. The biological theory states that depression is caused by factors in the body, better yet called faileres in our system. The say that the depresssion, from the biological prespective is caused by lack of serotonin in the brain.
The way that they state that this depression can be fixed, is not by therapy or anything, it can be cured by pills and medicine. I do not agree with this statement because it states that people who have lost a loved one, cannot be depressed because of it.


Thursday, 8 April 2010

Biological Depression & Learned Helplessness

In psychology there are many theories on how depression is caused, why its caused, and how people can prevent from becoming depressed. A scientific psychologist named Martin Seligman created the theory of learned helplessness. Through the study of his dogs during an experiment of saliva and food. What Martin Seligman was able to conclude was that learned helplessness was condition of a human being or an animal in which it has learned to behave helplessly, even when the opportunity is given for the human or animal to restore itself it does not work, and when they are presented an opportunity to avoid unpleasant or harmful circumstances to which they are subjected they still remain helpless. Learned helplessness theory is the view that clinical depression and related mental illnesses come from the lack of control one has in a situation. The environmental theory of depression states depression is caused by factors outside of our reach for example having it in our genes or as a medical illness have nothing to do with it. This theory states that situations such as prolonged stress at home or work, coping with the loss of a loved one, or traumatic events may cause depression. that Learned helplessness and the environmental theory of depression coincide with each other. The reason for it is that the environmental causes of depression may cause learned helplessness. As an example i will use the torment someone goes through in the office, working there for years and not getting a raise and not ever getting complimented on their work or promoted. The person who is working as hard as they can for years soon will get tired and become depressed at the workplace. Doing the same thing over and over again and never getting reward made the person become helpless and give up working because he or she was never rewarded. In conclusion, through the biological theory of depression we believe that learned helplessness was a big factor that can effect biological depression or a factor that can contribute to getting depressed biologically.

Tuesday, 23 March 2010

Video done by someone with depression to help others


The theory states that it can help by using a psycho therapeutic approach that aims to solve problems concerning dysfunctional emotions. Therefore difference to the other theory's the cognitive theory of depression is used in individual therapy as well as group settings, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help applications.

This theory was developed mixing behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy. The techniques used may differ because they are adapted to the problems that the person may have, but commonly may include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognition's, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting. Relaxation, mindfulness and distraction techniques are also commonly included. Cognitive behavioral therapy is often also used in conjunction with mood stabilizing medications to treat conditions like bipolar disorder.




The Enviromental theory of depression has factors that are not directly related to brain function, inherited traits from parents, medical illnesses, or anything else that may take place within us.Therefore the envriomental facotors are in situations with prolonged stress either at work or in someones own home, having lost someone you loved, and even traumatic events that affected you.

There have been many studies that say that the way we live life, and the events that have happened to us during our life can affect our state of mind and how we face circumstances. The way to help is that how you react with situations like a breakup or loss of a loved one and crisis that we encounter during our life. So the way we react may help develop clinical depression.


Thursday, 18 March 2010


The girl on the left is in depression because her boyfriend left her for another girl.