Tuesday, 23 March 2010
COGNITIVE THEORY OF DEPRESSION
The theory states that it can help by using a psycho therapeutic approach that aims to solve problems concerning dysfunctional emotions. Therefore difference to the other theory's the cognitive theory of depression is used in individual therapy as well as group settings, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help applications.
This theory was developed mixing behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy. The techniques used may differ because they are adapted to the problems that the person may have, but commonly may include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognition's, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting. Relaxation, mindfulness and distraction techniques are also commonly included. Cognitive behavioral therapy is often also used in conjunction with mood stabilizing medications to treat conditions like bipolar disorder.